Modern Slavery is an umbrella term for activities involved when one person obtains or holds another person in compelled service

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Types of slavery…

Sexual Exploitation

Forcing, coercing or deceiving a person into performing sexual acts.

Forced Labour

Forcing a person to work for little or no pay

Debt Bondage

Forcing a person to work for very low wages to pay back a debt. This debt is often passed through the generations

Organ Harvesting

A persons organs, e.g. liver or kidneys, are harvested without consent, to be sold

Child Soldier

Forcing a child to participate in armed conflict

Criminal Activity

Forced participation in criminal activity. This can include pick pocketing, drug cultivation and drug trafficking

Forced Marriage

Physical, psychological or emotional pressure to marry against one’s will

Human Trafficking

 Human Trafficking - For a person to have been a victim of human trafficking there must have been:

  • Action: recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt, which can include either domestic or cross-border movement

  • Means: threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability - (there does not need to be a means used for children as they are not able to give informed consent)

  • Purpose: exploitation

 There are a number of ways in which a person can find themselves living a life of slavery. Modern Slavery can affect any age, race or gender, however slavery will always affect people and communities who are vulnerable. There are many ways someone can become vulnerable, including poverty, the breakdown of family and governmental structures, conflict, the need for love and relationship, desperation and lack of opportunities, to name but a few. Unfortunately, there are always people who are ready to prey on these vulnerabilities.

When we know these methods we are empowered to prevent this evil crime.

  • False job advertisement

  • Sold by family

  • false romantic relationships

  • Abduction

  • False Immigration

  • Trafficked by a friend

  • Poverty

 
 
 
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In the UK

  • In 2014 The Home Office estimated that there were 13,000 people living in slavery at any given time. However, the Global Slavery Index estimated it was closer to 136,000 people living in modern slavery in the UK on any given day in 2016*

  • In 2018, 6993 potential victims were submitted to the National Referral Mechanism, this saw a 36% increase on the 2017 total of 5142 referrals

  • Potential victims were reported to be from 130 different countries of origin

  • The top 5 most common nationalities were UK, Albania, Vietnam, China and Romania**

*https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/2018/findings/country-studies/united-kingdom/ 

**https://nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/who-we-are/publications/282-national-referral-mechanism-statistics-end-of-year-summary-2018